寿司ネタ Sushi Ingredients

Glossary (JP/EN)

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This glossary/dictionary is intended to help sushi enthusiasts use Japanese terms. The definitions represent the meanings that are understood and shared by the majority of sushi chefs in Japan. This glossary is constantly being expanded and we welcome your submissions of missing terms.

JapaneseCommon Names
Tachimodoki
タチモドキ
たちもどき
Ribbon scabbardfish, slender frostfish
Tachiuo
タチウオ
たちうお
Cox's hairtail, hair-tail, largehead hairtail, large-headed hairtail, hairtail, atlantic cutlassfish, pacific cutlassfish, cutlass fish, cutlassfish, australian hairtail
Tai
タイ
たい
Sea bream or porgie
Taihei-ohyou
タイヘイーオヒョウ
たいへいーおひょう
Alaska halibut, pacific halibut, halibut
Tairikubaratanago
タイリクバラタナゴ
たいりくばらたなご
Rose bitterling, rosy bitterling
Tairikusuzuki
タイリクスズキ
たいりくすずき
Blackfin seabass
Taiseiyouakauo
タイセイヨウアカウオ
たいせいようあかうお
Norway haddock, golden redfish, red-fish, atlantic ocean perch
Taiseiyou-bouzuika
タイセイヨウーボウズイカ
たいせいようーぼうずいか
Lesser shining bobtail squid
Taiseiyoudara
タイセイヨウダラ
たいせいようだら
Kil'din cod, haberdine, codfish brick, strip, atlantic cod, foots, fish ball, stockfish, hard cure, codling, full cured fish, klipfish, klippfish, saltfish, full pickle fish, fish dumpling
Taiseiyouhireguro
タイセイヨウヒレグロ
たいせいようひれぐろ
Blackfin flounder
Taiseiyou-hotaruika
タイセイヨウーホタルイカ
たいせいようーほたるいか
Eye-flash squid, verany's enope squid
Taiseiyou-hotaruikamodoki
タイセイヨウーホタルイカモドキ
たいせいようーほたるいかもどき
Starlit enope squid
Taiseiyou-kubinagaika
タイセイヨウークビナガイカ
たいせいようーくびながいか
Arm squid, oceanic squid
Taiseiyou kuro-maguro
タイセイヨウ クローマグロ
たいせいよう くろーまぐろ
Northern bluefin tuna, tuna, atlantic bluefin tuna, bluefin tunny, northern bluefin tuna
Taiseiyoukuromaguro
タイセイヨウクロマグロ
たいせいようくろまぐろ
Northern bluefin tuna, tuna, atlantic bluefin tuna, bluefin tunny, northern bluefin tuna
Taiseiyounishin
タイセイヨウニシン
たいせいようにしん
Matje cured herring, pearl essence, cleanplate herring, norwegian sloe, mattie, norwegian silver herring, milker herring, bismark herring, sea atlantic herring, soused herring, mustard herring, newcastle kipper, golden cure, sugar cured fish, kipper, whitebait, red herring, klondyked herring, baltic herring, norwegian cured herring, melker, kipper herring, pickling, pickled herring, oriental cure, norwegian milker, cut spiced herring, silver cured herring, yawling
Taiseiyou-ohyou
タイセイヨウーオヒョウ
たいせいようーおひょう
Flitch, fletch, atlantic halibut
Taiseiyousaba
タイセイヨウサバ
たいせいようさば
Atlantic mackerel, joey
Taiseiyou sake
タイセイヨウ サケ
たいせいよう さけ
Atlantic salmon, common atlantic salmon, kelt, grilse, kippered salmon, sebago salmon, parr, sea salmon, black salmon
Taiseiyousake
タイセイヨウサケ
たいせいようさけ
Atlantic salmon, common atlantic salmon, kelt, grilse, kippered salmon, sebago salmon, parr, sea salmon, black salmon
Taiseiyou-tougataika
タイセイヨウートウガタイカ
たいせいようーとうがたいか
Atlantic cranch squid
Taiseiyou-yatsudeika
タイセイヨウーヤツデイカ
たいせいようーやつでいか
Large-fin octopus squid
Taiwanbudai
タイワンブダイ
たいわんぶだい
Marbled parrotfish, spinytooth parrotfish, carolines parrotfish, stareye parrot, star-eye parrotfish, bucktooth parrotfish, stareye parrotfish
Taiwandai
タイワンダイ
たいわんだい
King soldier bream, taiwan tai, bream
Taiwankamasu
タイワンカマス
たいわんかます
Yellowstripe barracuda, striped sea-pike, yellow-tail, yellowstriped barracuda, striped sea pike, bluntjaw sea pike, striped seaspike, striped barracuda, pike, obtuse barracuda, yellowtail sennit, blunt barracuda, highfin barracuda, sennit
Taiwanmenada
タイワンメナダ
たいわんめなだ
Speigler's mullet, longarm mullet, bluespot mullet, black-spot mullet, even sand mullet, bluetail mullet, long-armed mullet, long-finned mullet
Taiwan'yoroiaji
タイワンヨロイアジ
たいわんよろいあじ
Malabar cavalla, hunchback trevally, white-spot trevally
Takakuratatsu
タカクラタツ
たかくらたつ
Lowcrown seahorse, three-spotted seahorse, low-crowned seahorse, smooth seahorse, longnose seahorse, flat-faced seahorse
Takanohadai
タカノハダイ
たかのはだい
White-spot-tail morwong, flagfish, spottedtail morwong
Takasago
タカサゴ
たかさご
Yellow-striped fusilier, double stripe fusilier, double-lined fusilier, two-stripe fusilier, doubleline fusilier, black-tipped fusilier
Takasagohimeji
タカサゴヒメジ
たかさごひめじ
Opalescent goatfish, spotted golden goatfish, cinnabar goatfish, small-spot goatfish
Takenoko-kouika
タケノコーコウイカ
たけのこーこういか
Bragg's cuttlefish, slender cuttlefish
Takibera
タキベラ
たきべら
Goldspot pigfish, pigfish, golden-spot hogfish, orange threadfin tuskfish, goldspot hogfish, golden-spot pigfish, goldenspot hogfish, golden-spot wrasse
Taki-fugu
タキーフグ
たきーふぐ
Lattice puffer
Takkuri
タックリ
たっくり
Atlantic chub mackerel, chub mackerel, pacific chub mackerel, striped mackerel, american mackerel, pacific mackerel, common mackerel, big-eyed mackerel, scomber, greenback mackerel, blue mackerel
Tako
タコ
たこ
Octopus
Takoika
タコイカ
たこいか
Boreopacific armhook squid, boreopacific gonate squid
Tama-ganzou-birame
タマーガンゾウービラメ
たまーがんぞうーびらめ
Fivespot flounder
Tamaganzoubirame
タマガンゾウビラメ
たまがんぞうびらめ
Fivespot flounder
Tamagashira
タマガシラ
たまがしら
Unarmed dwarf monocle bream
Tamakai
タマカイ
たまかい
Giant grouper, queensland grouper, groper, brindle grouper, queensland groper
Tanagā
タナgā
たなgā
Long armed prawns
Tarekuchibera
タレクチベラ
たれくちべら
Half-and-half thicklip, half and half wrasse, blackeye thicklip, thicklip wrasse
Tasumania-mimiika
タスマニアーミミイカ
たすまにあーみみいか
Southern bobtail squid, southern dumpling squid
Tatefuedai
タテフエダイ
たてふえだい
Brownstripe snapper, one-band sea-perch, broadband seaperch, brownstripe seaperch, striped seaperch
Tatejimakinchakudai
タテジマキンチャクダイ
たてじまきんちゃくだい
Imperial angelfish, emperor angelfish
Tatejima-mimiikadamashi
タテジマーミミイカダマシ
たてじまーみみいかだまし
Pinstripe bottletail squid, striped dumpling squid, striped pyjama squid, tiger dumpling squid
Tateshimafuefuki
タテシマフエフキ
たてしまふえふき
Orange-striped emperor, orangestripe emperor, orangestriped emperor
Tatesujihata
タテスジハタ
たてすじはた
White-edged grouper, white-square cod, masked grouper, slenderspine grouper, thinspine grouper, red-edged grouper, thinspine rockcod, white-margined grouper
Taunagi
タウナギ
たうなぎ
Swamp eel, lai, rice paddy eel, rice eel, belut, asian swamp eel
Te-kagiika
テーカギイカ
てーかぎいか
Clawed armhook squid, black-eyed squid
Tekkui
テックイ
てっくい
Bastard halibut, false halibut, olive flounder, japanese flounder, japanese halibut, olive flounder, bastard halibut
Tenagadara
テナガダラ
てながだら
Longarm grenadier
Tenagaebi
テナガエビ
てながえび
Long armed prawns
Tenagakakureuo
テナガカクレウオ
てながかくれうお
Silver pearlfish
Tenaga-kouika
テナガーコウイカ
てながーこういか
Longarm cuttlefish
Tengaihata
テンガイハタ
てんがいはた
Deal fish, mediterranean dealfish, ribbon fish, peregrine ribbon fish
Tengudai
テングダイ
てんぐだい
Sailfin armourhead, whiskered armorhead, whiskered boarfish, japanese boarfish, striped boarfish
Tenguhagi
テングハギ
てんぐはぎ
Longnose unicornfish, blue-spine unicornfish, unicorn tang, bluespine unicornfish, blue-spined unicorn, longhorn unicornfish, brown unicorn-fish, blue-spine unicorn
Tenguhagimodoki
テングハギモドキ
てんぐはぎもどき
Thorpe's unicornfish, sleek unicornfish, blue-tail unicorn, horse-face unicorn, blacktounge unicornfish
Tenguhakofugu
テングハコフグ
てんぐはこふぐ
Horn-nosed boxfish, horn-nose boxfish
Tengunotachi
テングノタチ
てんぐのたち
Unicorn crestfish, unicornfish
Tengutokubire
テングトクビレ
てんぐとくびれ
Longnose poacher
Tenjikuaji
テンジクアジ
てんじくあじ
Oblong trevally, coachwhip trevally
Tenjikudai
テンジクダイ
てんじくだい
Indian perch
Tenjikudatsu
テンジクダツ
てんじくだつ
Agujón, california needelefish, keeljaw longtom, atlantic agujón, agujon needlefish, black-finned long-tom
Tenjiku-garei
テンジクーガレイ
てんじくーがれい
Roughscale flounder, smooth-scale brill, false brill, largetooth flounder, large-tooth flounder, large-toothed flounder
Tenjikugarei
テンジクガレイ
てんじくがれい
Roughscale flounder, smooth-scale brill, false brill, largetooth flounder, large-tooth flounder, large-toothed flounder
Tenjikuisaki
テンジクイサキ
てんじくいさき
Blue sea chub, blue seachub, highfin chub, snubnose drummer, highfin rudderfish, snubnose chub, topsail chub, topsail drummer
Tenjikukuruma-ebi
テンジククルマーエビ
てんじくくるまーえび
Indian prawn
Tenjikusuzumedai
テンジクスズメダイ
てんじくすずめだい
Bengal sergeant-major, palmer's damsel-fish, narrow-banded sergeant major, bengal sergeant
Tensu
テンス
てんす
Blackspot razorfish, black-spot tuskfish, faint-barred rzaorfish, leaf wrasse
Tensumodoki
テンスモドキ
てんすもどき
Oriental sandy
Teraokuruma-ebi
テラオクルマーエビ
てらおくるまーえび
Aloha prawn
Teriebisu
テリエビス
てりえびす
Samurai squirrelfish
Tobiei
トビエイ
とびえい
Japanese eagle ray
Tobihata
トビハタ
とびはた
Woore's rockcod, oval rockcod, sooty cod, oval cod, oval grouper
Tobi-ika
トビーイカ
とびーいか
Purpleback flying squid, yellow-backed squid
Tobikko
トビッコ
とびっこ
Flying fish roe
Tobiko
トビコ
とびこ
Flying fish roe
Tobiuo
トビウオ
とびうお
Japanese flyingfish
Tobiuonoko
トビウオノコ
とびうおのこ
Flying fish roe
Todo
トド
とど
Sand mullet, haarder, striped mullet, sea mullet, callifaver mullet, black true mullet, poddy mullet, hardgut mullet, gray mullet, grey mullet, flathead mullet, river mullet, springer, hardgut river mullet, black mullet, common grey mullet, bully mullet, mullet, common mullet, poddies, mangrove mullet, bully, flathead grey mullet
Togariebisu
トガリエビス
とがりえびす
Sabre squirrelfish, longjaw squirrelfish, spiny squirrelfish
Togariika
トガリイカ
とがりいか
Midsize squid", "midsize squid
Togari-kouika
トガリーコウイカ
とがりーこういか
Mourning cuttlefish, striking cuttlefish
Togari-matsuika
トガリーマツイカ
とがりーまついか
Sharptail shortfin squid
Togaritsunozame
トガリツノザメ
とがりつのざめ
Shortspine spurdog, japanese spurdog
Togariuchiwaika
トガリウチワイカ
とがりうちわいか
Sirvent's disc-fin squid
Togechouchouuo
トゲチョウチョウウオ
とげちょうちょううお
Threadfin butterflyfish, cross-stripe butterfly, threadfin coralfish, diagonal butterflyfish, whip butterflyfish
Togedaruma-garei
トゲダルマーガレイ
とげだるまーがれい
Leopard flounder, panther flounder
Togekajika
トゲカジカ
とげかじか
Sculpin, great sculpin
Togemino-ebi
トゲミノーエビ
とげみのーえび
Madagascar nylon shrimp
Togesake-ebi
トゲサケーエビ
とげさけーえび
Lancer rose shrimp
Toguro-kouika
トグローコウイカ
とぐろーこういか
Common spirula, ram's horn squid
Tokageeso
トカゲエソ
とかげえそ
Slender saury, long grinner, slender lizardfish
Tokagegochi
トカゲゴチ
とかげごち
Rusty flathead, japanese flathead
Tokarabera
トカラベラ
とからべら
Fourspot wrasse, goldstripe wrasse, checkerboard wrasse
Tokkuriika
トックリイカ
とっくりいか
Grimaldi's chiroteuthid squid
Tokubire
トクビレ
とくびれ
Japanese poacher, snail-fin poacher, snail-fin poacher
Tomomehikari
トモメヒカリ
ともめひかり
Greeneye
Tonbo
トンボ
とんぼ
Long-finned albacore, long-finned tuna, albacore, long-fin tunny, longfin tuna
Tonboshibi
トンボシビ
とんぼしび
Long-finned albacore, long-finned tuna, albacore, long-fin tunny, longfin tuna
Tone
トネ
とね
Japanese parrotfish
Tongari tomo
トンガリ トモ
とんがり とも
Bluefin tuna, oriental bonito, northern bluefin, longtail tuna, northern bluefin tuna, indian long-tailed tuna
Tonosamadai
トノサマダイ
とのさまだい
Ovalspot butterflyfish, mirror butterflyfish, ovalspot coralfish, onespot butterflyfish, oval-spot coralfish
Tora-ebi
トラーエビ
とらーえび
Tora velvet shrimp
Tora-fugu
トラーフグ
とらーふぐ
Tiger pufferfish
Torafugu
トラフグ
とらふぐ
Tiger pufferfish
Torafu-kouika
トラフーコウイカ
とらふーこういか
Large striped cuttlefish, pharaoh cuttlefish
Toragisu
トラギス
とらぎす
Harlequin sandperch
Torautsubo
トラウツボ
とらうつぼ
Leopard moray eel, hawaiian dragon eel, leopard moray, dragon moray, dragon eel, dragon moray eel
Torazame
トラザメ
とらざめ
Cloudy catshark
Tosakahagi
トサカハギ
とさかはぎ
Hump-head unicornfish, humpnose unicornfish, hump-nose unicorn, bulbnose unicornfish, hump-headed unicorn-fish, humphead unicornfish, bluntnose unicornfish
Tougorouiwashi
トウゴロウイワシ
とうごろういわし
Sumatran silverside
Toujin
トウジン
とうじん
Japanese grenadier
Touzayori
トウザヨリ
とうざより
Ribbon halfbeak, longfinned halfbeak, long-beaked garfish, longfin garfish
Toyama-ebi
トヤマーエビ
とやまーえび
Dokdo shrimp, Toyama shrimp
Tsubaiso
ツバイソ
つばいそ
Amberjack, japanese amberjack, yellowtail
Tsubakuroei
ツバクロエイ
つばくろえい
Japanese butterflyray
Tsubamekonoshiro
ツバメコノシロ
つばめこのしろ
Striped threadfin, puttynose, common threadfin, northern threadfin, puttynose perch
Tsubameuo
ツバメウオ
つばめうお
Spotbelly batfish, round-faced batfish, roundface batfish, tiera batfish, tail-fin batfish
Tsubasanakamuraginme
ツバサナカムラギンメ
つばさなかむらぎんめ
Silver spinyfin
Tsubasu
ツバス
つばす
Amberjack, japanese amberjack, yellowtail
Tsubodai
ツボダイ
つぼだい
Japanese armorhead
Tsuchihozeri
ツチホゼリ
つちほぜり
Purple rockcod, speckled grouper, blue maori, speckled blue grouper, blue maori cod
Tsukinowabudai
ツキノワブダイ
つきのわぶだい
Festive parrotfish
Tsukura
ツクラ
つくら
Sand mullet, haarder, striped mullet, sea mullet, callifaver mullet, black true mullet, poddy mullet, hardgut mullet, gray mullet, grey mullet, flathead mullet, river mullet, springer, hardgut river mullet, black mullet, common grey mullet, bully mullet, mullet, common mullet, poddies, mangrove mullet, bully, flathead grey mullet
Tsumaguroanago
ツマグロアナゴ
つまぐろあなご
Randall's conger, blackedge conger
Tsumaguroaomeeso
ツマグロアオメエソ
つまぐろあおめえそ
Blackedge greeneye
Tsumaguroishimochi
ツマグロイシモチ
つまぐろいしもち
Flag-in cardinal-fish
Tsumaguromatsukasa
ツマグロマツカサ
つまぐろまつかさ
Shoulderbar soldierfish, one-spot squirrelfish, shadowfin soldierfish, blackfin soldierfish
Tsumajiromongara
ツマジロモンガラ
つまじろもんがら
Eye-stripe triggerfish, halfmoon triggerfish
Tsumarietsu
ツマリエツ
つまりえつ
Scaly hairfin anchovy, longfin anchovy, common hairfin anchovy
Tsumaritenguhagi
ツマリテングハギ
つまりてんぐはぎ
Spotted unicorn, spotted unicornfish, longnose surgeonfish, short-horned unicornfish, shortsnout unicornfish, short-snouted unicornfish, shortnosed kala, longnosed unicornfish, paletail unicornfish, palefin unicornfish, brown unicornfish, shortnose unicornfish
Tsume-ika
ツメーイカ
つめーいか
Boreal clubhook squid
Tsumuburi
ツムブリ
つむぶり
Spanish-jack, rainbow runner fish, rainbow yellowtail, yellow tail, runner, rainbow runner, hawaiian salmon
Tsumugi
ツムギ
つむぎ
Fat greenling
Tsuna
ツナ
つな
Tuna
Tsunodashi
ツノダシ
つのだし
Moorish idol
Tsunogarei
ツノガレイ
つのがれい
Plaice, alaska plaice
Tsuranagahagi
ツラナガハギ
つらながはぎ
Sinhalese leatherjacket, faintstripe filefish
Tsurugiechiopia
ツルギエチオピア
つるぎえちおぴあ
Dark pomfret, keeltail pomfret, pomfret, knifetail pomfret
Tsuyubera
ツユベラ
つゆべら
Gaimard wrasse, african coris, red-finned rainbowfish, rainbow wrasse, yellowtail coris, gaimard rainbow-wrasse

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